tiny_httpd

Minimal HTTP server using good old threads
README

Minimal HTTP server using good old threads, with stream abstractions,
simple routing, URL encoding/decoding, static asset serving,
and optional compression with camlzip.
It also supports server-sent events
(w3c)

Free from all forms of ppx, async monads, etc. 🙃

Note: it can be useful to add the jemalloc opam package for long running
server, as it does a good job at controlling memory usage.

The basic echo server from src/examples/echo.ml:


module S = Tiny_httpd

let () =
  let server = S.create () in
  (* say hello *)
  S.add_route_handler ~meth:`GET server
    S.Route.(exact "hello" @/ string @/ return)
    (fun name _req -> S.Response.make_string (Ok ("hello " ^name ^"!\n")));
  (* echo request *)
  S.add_route_handler server
    S.Route.(exact "echo" @/ return)
    (fun req -> S.Response.make_string (Ok (Format.asprintf "echo:@ %a@." S.Request.pp req)));
  Printf.printf "listening on http://%s:%d\n%!" (S.addr server) (S.port server);
  match S.run server with
  | Ok () -> ()
  | Error e -> raise e
$ dune exec src/examples/echo.exe &
listening on http://127.0.0.1:8080

# the path "hello/name" greets you.
$ curl -X GET http://localhost:8080/hello/quadrarotaphile
hello quadrarotaphile!

# the path "echo" just prints the request.
$ curl -X GET http://localhost:8080/echo --data "howdy y'all" 
echo:
{meth=GET;
 headers=Host: localhost:8080
         User-Agent: curl/7.66.0
         Accept: */*
         Content-Length: 10
         Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded;
 path="/echo"; body="howdy y'all"}

http_of_dir

Similar to python -m http.server, a simple program http_of_dir is provided.
It serves files from the current directory.

$ http_of_dir . -p 8080 &
$ curl -X GET http://localhost:8080
...
<html list of current dir>
...

Static assets and files

The program http_of_dir relies on the module Tiny_httpd_dir, which
can serve directories, as well as virtual file systems.

In 'examples/dune', we produce an OCaml module vfs.ml using
the program tiny-httpd-vfs-pack. This module contains a VFS (virtual file
system) which can be served as if it were an actual directory.

The dune rule:

(rule
  (targets vfs.ml)
  (deps (source_tree files) (:out test_output.txt.expected))
  (enabled_if (= %{system} "linux"))
  (action (run ../src/bin/vfs_pack.exe -o %{targets}
               --mirror=files/
               --file=test_out.txt,%{out}
               --url=example_dot_com,http://example.com)))

The code to serve the VFS from vfs.ml is as follows:

  …
  Tiny_httpd_dir.add_vfs server
    ~config:(Tiny_httpd_dir.config ~download:true
               ~dir_behavior:Tiny_httpd_dir.Index_or_lists ())
    ~vfs:Vfs.vfs ~prefix:"vfs";
  …

it allows downloading the files, and listing directories.
If a directory contains index.html then this will be served
instead of listing the content.

Socket activation

Since version 0.10, socket activation is supported indirectly, by allowing a
socket to be explicitly passed in to the create function:

module S = Tiny_httpd

let not_found _ _ = S.Response.fail ~code:404 "Not Found\n"

let () =
  (* Module [Daemon] is from the [ocaml-systemd] package *)
  let server = match Daemon.listen_fds () with
    (* If no socket passed in, assume server was started explicitly i.e. without
       socket activation *)
    | [] -> S.create ()

    (* If a socket passed in e.g. by systemd, listen on that *)
    | sock :: _ -> S.create ~sock ()
  in
  S.add_route_handler server S.Route.rest_of_path not_found;
  Printf.printf "Listening on http://%s:%d\n%!" (S.addr server) (S.port server);
  match S.run server with
  | Ok () -> ()
  | Error e -> raise e

On Linux, this requires the
ocaml-systemd package:

opam install ocaml-systemd

Tip: in the dune file, the package name should be systemd.

In case you're not familiar with socket activation, Lennart Poettering's
blog post explains it
well.

Why?

Why not? If you just want a super basic local server (perhaps for exposing
data from a local demon, like Cups or Syncthing do), no need for a ton of
dependencies or high scalability libraries.

Use cases might include:

  • serve content directly from a static blog generator;

  • provide a web UI to some tool (like CUPS and syncthing do);

  • implement a basic monitoring page for a service;

  • provide a simple json API for a service, on top of http;

  • use http_of_dir to serve odoc-generated docs or some assets directory.

Documentation

See https://c-cube.github.io/tiny_httpd

License

MIT.

Install
Published
31 Mar 2022
Sources
v0.12.tar.gz
md5=9ceac00dcd214ad562446b81abbf6734
sha512=99b4d01d4f4d138b122c689b8b3bc5043fc386d6686675311f625bf5fec72c6e1a7513712b00889fe17cd392b8c475440d4f89ee46392aff32ac6ccc39cefe09
Dependencies
ptime
with-test
ounit2
with-test
qcheck
with-test & >= "0.9"
conf-libcurl
with-test
qtest
>= "2.9" & with-test
odoc
with-doc
ocaml
>= "4.04.0"
dune
>= "2.0"
Reverse Dependencies