alcotest

Alcotest is a lightweight and colourful test framework
README

Alcotest exposes a simple interface to perform unit tests. It exposes
a simple TESTABLE module type, a check function to assert test
predicates and a run function to perform a list of unit -> unit
test callbacks.

Alcotest provides a quiet and colorful output where only faulty runs are fully
displayed at the end of the run (with the full logs ready to inspect), with a
simple (yet expressive) query language to select the tests to run. See the
manpage
for details.

The API documentation can be found here. For information on contributing to Alcotest, see
CONTRIBUTING.md.


Examples

A simple example (taken from examples/simple.ml):

Generated by the following test suite specification:

(* Build with `ocamlbuild -pkg alcotest simple.byte` *)

(* A module with functions to test *)
module To_test = struct
  let lowercase = String.lowercase_ascii
  let capitalize = String.capitalize_ascii
  let str_concat = String.concat ""
  let list_concat = List.append
end

(* The tests *)
let test_lowercase () =
  Alcotest.(check string) "same string" "hello!" (To_test.lowercase "hELLO!")

let test_capitalize () =
  Alcotest.(check string) "same string" "World." (To_test.capitalize "world.")

let test_str_concat () =
  Alcotest.(check string) "same string" "foobar" (To_test.str_concat ["foo"; "bar"])

let test_list_concat () =
  Alcotest.(check (list int)) "same lists" [1; 2; 3] (To_test.list_concat [1] [2; 3])

(* Run it *)
let () =
  let open Alcotest in
  run "Utils" [
      "string-case", [
          test_case "Lower case"     `Quick test_lowercase;
          test_case "Capitalization" `Quick test_capitalize;
        ];
      "string-concat", [ test_case "String mashing" `Quick test_str_concat  ];
      "list-concat",   [ test_case "List mashing"   `Slow  test_list_concat ];
    ]

The result is a self-contained binary which displays the test results. Use dune exec examples/simple.exe -- --help to see the runtime options.

Here's an example of a of failing test suite:

By default, only the first failing test log is printed to the console (and all
test logs are captured on disk). Pass --show-errors to print all error
messages.

Selecting tests to execute

You can filter which tests to run by supplying a regular expression matching the names
of the tests to execute, or by passing a regular expression and a comma-separated list
of test numbers (or ranges of test numbers, e.g. 2,4..9):

$ ./simple.native test '.*concat*'
Testing Utils.
[SKIP]     string-case            0   Lower case.
[SKIP]     string-case            1   Capitalization.
[OK]       string-concat          0   String mashing.
[OK]       list-concat            0   List mashing.
The full test results are available in `_build/_tests`.
Test Successful in 0.000s. 2 tests run.

$ ./simple.native test 'string-case' '1..3'
Testing Utils.
[SKIP]     string-case            0   Lower case.
[OK]       string-case            1   Capitalization.
[SKIP]     string-concat          0   String mashing.
[SKIP]     list-concat            0   List mashing.
The full test results are available in `_build/_tests`.
Test Successful in 0.000s. 1 test run.

Note that you cannot filter by test case name (i.e. Lower case or Capitalization), you must
filter by test name & number instead.

See the examples
folder for more examples.

Quick and Slow tests

In general you should use `Quick tests: tests that are ran on any
invocations of the test suite. You should only use `Slow tests for stress
tests that are ran only on occasion (typically before a release or after a major
change). These slow tests can be suppressed by passing the -q flag on the
command line, e.g.:

$ ./test.exe -q # run only the quick tests
$ ./test.exe    # run quick and slow tests

Passing custom options to the tests

In most cases, the base tests are unit -> unit functions. However,
it is also possible to pass an extra option to all the test functions
by using 'a -> unit, where 'a is the type of the extra parameter.

In order to do this, you need to specify how this extra parameter is
read on the command-line, by providing a Cmdliner term for
command-line
arguments

which explains how to parse and serialize values of type 'a (note: do not
use positional arguments, only optional arguments are supported).

For instance:

let test_nice i = Alcotest.(check int) "Is it a nice integer?" i 42

let int =
  let doc = "What is your prefered number?" in
  Cmdliner.Arg.(required & opt (some int) None & info ["n"] ~doc ~docv:"NUM")

let () =
  Alcotest.run_with_args "foo" int [
    "all", ["nice", `Quick, test_nice]
  ]

Will generate test.exe such that:

$ test.exe test
test.exe: required option -n is missing

$ test.exe test -n 42
Testing foo.
[OK]                all          0   int.

Lwt

Alcotest provides an Alcotest_lwt module that you could use to wrap
Lwt test cases. The basic idea is that instead of providing a test
function in the form unit -> unit, you provide one with the type
unit -> unit Lwt.t and alcotest-lwt calls Lwt_main.run for you.

However, there are a couple of extra features:

  • If an async exception occurs, it will cancel your test case for you
    and fail it (rather than exiting the process).

  • You get given a switch, which will be turned off when the test case
    finishes (or fails). You can use that to free up any resources.

For instance:

let free () = print_endline "freeing all resources"; Lwt.return ()

let test_lwt switch () =
  Lwt_switch.add_hook (Some switch) free;
  Lwt.async (fun () -> failwith "All is broken");
  Lwt_unix.sleep 10.

let () =
  Lwt_main.run @@ Alcotest_lwt.run "foo" [
    "all", [
      Alcotest_lwt.test_case "one" `Quick test_lwt
    ]
  ]

Will generate:

$ test.exe
Testing foo.
[ERROR]             all          0   one.
-- all.000 [one.] Failed --
in _build/_tests/all.000.output:
freeing all resources
[failure] All is broken

Comparison with other testing frameworks

The README is pretty clear about that:

Alcotest is the only testing framework using colors!

More seriously, Alcotest is similar to ounit
but it fixes a few of the problems found in that library:

  • Alcotest has a nicer output, it is easier to see what failed and what
    succeeded and to read the log outputs of the failed tests;

  • Alcotest uses combinators to define pretty-printers and
    comparators between the things to test.

Other nice tools doing different kind of testing also exist:

  • qcheck qcheck does random
    generation and property testing (e.g. Quick Check)

  • crowbar
    and bun
    are similar to qcheck, but use compiler-directed randomness,
    e.g. it takes advantage of the AFL support the OCaml compiler.

  • ppx_inline_tests
    allows to write tests in the same file as your source-code; they
    will be run only in a special mode of compilation.

Install
Sources
alcotest-1.6.0.tbz
sha256=fd00f9668395874ff3b1d7ef566d14efc02fa7dd34123eb25d59355be94b2329
sha512=69a7ef300ba10a9ccb1e25b1cfdb0a0abf9ca976864a52a22f0e1fae1e5d1cbeb99498c086230b839ee9da4d0fd71e63686e126ca42221537f3fdb6f6c5aae95
Dependencies
odoc
with-doc
uutf
>= "1.0.1"
re
>= "1.7.2"
cmdliner
>= "1.1.0"
fmt
>= "0.8.7"
ocaml
>= "4.05.0"
dune
>= "2.8"
Reverse Dependencies
albatross
>= "1.5.0"
alcotest-async
< "1.0.0" | >= "1.6.0"
alcotest-js
>= "1.6.0"
alcotest-lwt
< "1.0.0" | >= "1.6.0"
angstrom
>= "0.7.0"
anycache
>= "0.7.4"
arp
!= "2.3.1"
arp-mirage
< "2.0.0"
asak
>= "0.2"
asli
>= "0.2.0"
atd
>= "2.3.3"
base64
>= "2.1.2" & < "3.2.0" | >= "3.4.0"
bls12-381
< "0.4.1" | >= "3.0.0"
bls12-381-js
>= "0.4.2"
capnp-rpc-unix
>= "0.9.0"
caqti
>= "1.7.0"
caqti-async
>= "1.7.0"
caqti-lwt
>= "1.7.0"
carton-lwt
>= "0.4.1"
catala
>= "0.6.0"
ccss
>= "1.6"
charrua-server
>= "1.4.1"
checkseum
>= "0.0.3"
cohttp
>= "0.17.0"
colombe
>= "0.2.0"
conduit
= "3.0.0"
conex
< "0.10.0"
cow
>= "2.2.0"
cstruct
>= "3.3.0"
current
>= "0.4"
datakit
>= "0.12.0"
decimal
>= "0.3.0"
decompress
>= "0.8"
digestif
>= "0.8.1"
dispatch
>= "0.4.1"
dns
>= "4.0.0"
dns-client
>= "4.6.0"
dns-forward
< "0.9.0"
dog
< "0.2.1"
dune-release
>= "1.0.0"
duration
>= "0.1.1"
eqaf
>= "0.5"
ezjsonm
>= "0.4.2"
faraday
!= "0.2.0"
fat-filesystem
>= "0.12.0"
functoria
>= "2.2.0"
functoria-runtime
>= "2.2.0" & < "3.0.1" | = "3.1.2"
git
= "1.4.10" | = "1.5.0" | >= "1.5.2" & != "1.10.0"
git-unix
>= "1.10.0" & != "2.1.0"
gmap
>= "0.3.0"
graphql-cohttp
>= "0.13.0"
graphql_parser
!= "0.11.0"
graphql_ppx
>= "0.7.1"
hacl_x25519
>= "0.2.0"
httpaf
>= "0.2.0"
icalendar
>= "0.1.4"
imagelib
>= "20200929"
inferno
>= "20220603"
inquire
< "0.2.0"
irmin
< "0.8.0" | >= "0.9.6" & != "0.11.1" & < "1.0.0" | >= "2.0.0" & != "2.3.0"
irmin-bench
>= "2.7.0"
irmin-chunk
< "1.3.0" | >= "2.3.0"
irmin-fs
< "1.3.0" | >= "2.3.0"
irmin-git
< "2.0.0" | >= "2.3.0"
irmin-graphql
>= "2.3.0"
irmin-http
< "2.0.0"
irmin-mem
< "1.3.0" | >= "2.3.0"
irmin-pack
>= "2.4.0" & != "2.6.1"
irmin-test
>= "2.2.0"
irmin-unix
>= "1.0.0" & < "1.3.3" | >= "2.4.0" & != "2.6.1"
irmin-watcher
!= "0.3.0"
ke
>= "0.2"
lambdapi
>= "2.0.0"
lambdoc
>= "1.0-beta4"
lmdb
>= "1.0"
logtk
>= "1.6"
mdx
>= "1.6.0"
mechaml
= "1.0.0" | >= "1.2.1"
merge-queues
>= "0.2.0"
merge-ropes
>= "0.2.0"
minicaml
= "0.3.1" | >= "0.4"
mirage
>= "4.0.0~beta1"
mirage-channel
>= "4.0.0"
mirage-flow
>= "1.0.2" & < "1.2.0"
mirage-flow-unix
!= "1.3.0" & < "1.5.0" | = "2.0.0" | >= "3.0.0"
mirage-fs-unix
>= "1.2.0" & < "1.4.1"
mirage-kv
>= "2.0.0"
mirage-logs
>= "0.3.0"
mirage-runtime
>= "4.0.0~beta1"
mmdb
< "0.3.0"
mrmime
>= "0.2.0"
msgpck
>= "1.6"
mssql
>= "2.0.3"
nbd
>= "4.0.3"
ocaml-r
>= "0.4.0"
ocaml-version
>= "3.1.0"
ocamlformat
>= "0.13.0" & != "0.19.0~4.13preview"
odoc
>= "1.4.0" & < "2.1.0"
opium
>= "0.15.0"
osnap
< "0.3.0"
owl
>= "0.6.0" & != "0.9.0" & != "1.0.0"
owl-base
< "0.5.0"
owl-ode
>= "0.1.0" & != "0.2.0"
pecu
>= "0.2"
pg_query
>= "0.9.6"
pgx
>= "1.0"
pgx_unix
>= "1.0"
ppx_blob
>= "0.3.0"
ppx_graphql
>= "0.2.0"
ppx_yojson
>= "1.1.0"
prbnmcn-ucb1
>= "0.0.2"
prometheus
< "1.2"
protocol-9p
>= "0.3" & < "0.11.0" | >= "0.11.2"
qcheck
>= "0.18"
qcheck-core
>= "0.18"
reparse
>= "2.0.0" & < "3.0.0"
reparse-unix
< "2.1.0"
resp-unix
>= "0.10.0"
resto
>= "0.9"
rfc1951
< "1.0.0"
rpc
>= "7.1.0"
rpclib
>= "7.1.0"
rpclib-lwt
>= "7.1.0"
sanddb
>= "0.2"
secp256k1
>= "0.4.1"
sihl
< "0.2.0"
spectrum
>= "0.2.0"
spin
>= "0.7.0"
tcpip
>= "2.4.2" & < "3.4.2" | >= "6.2.0"
terminal_size
>= "0.1.1"
tezos-crypto
>= "8.0" & < "9.0" | >= "11.0" & < "12.0" | >= "13.0"
tezos-signer-backends
>= "8.0" & < "13.0"
tezos-stdlib
>= "8.0" & < "12.0" | >= "13.0"
tezos-version
>= "13.0"
tls
>= "0.12.0"
tyre
>= "0.4"
tyxml
>= "4.0.0"
tyxml-ppx
>= "4.3.0"
unix-errno
>= "0.3.0"
unix-fcntl
>= "0.3.0"
x509
>= "0.7.0"
xapi-rrd
>= "1.8.2"
xapi-stdext-std
>= "4.16.0"
yojson
>= "1.6.0"
yuscii
>= "0.3.0"
yuujinchou
>= "1.0.0"
zlist
< "0.4.0"