base

Full standard library replacement for OCaml
IN THIS PACKAGE
Module type Base . Container . S0_phantom
type elt
type 'a t
val mem : _ t -> elt -> bool

Checks whether the provided element is there, using equality on elts.

val length : _ t -> int
val is_empty : _ t -> bool
val iter : _ t -> f:( elt -> unit ) -> unit
val fold : _ t -> init:'accum -> f:( 'accum -> elt -> 'accum ) -> 'accum

fold t ~init ~f returns f (... f (f (f init e1) e2) e3 ...) en, where e1..en are the elements of t.

val fold_result : _ t -> init:'accum -> f:( 'accum -> elt -> ( 'accum, 'e ) Result.t ) -> ( 'accum, 'e ) Result.t

fold_result t ~init ~f is a short-circuiting version of fold that runs in the Result monad. If f returns an Error _, that value is returned without any additional invocations of f.

val fold_until : _ t -> init:'accum -> f:( 'accum -> elt -> ( 'accum, 'final ) Continue_or_stop.t ) -> finish:( 'accum -> 'final ) -> 'final

fold_until t ~init ~f ~finish is a short-circuiting version of fold. If f returns Stop _ the computation ceases and results in that value. If f returns Continue _, the fold will proceed. If f never returns Stop _, the final result is computed by finish.

Example:

type maybe_negative =
  | Found_negative of int
  | All_nonnegative of { sum : int }

(** [first_neg_or_sum list] returns the first negative number in [list], if any,
    otherwise returns the sum of the list. *)
let first_neg_or_sum =
  List.fold_until ~init:0
    ~f:(fun sum x ->
      if x < 0
      then Stop (Found_negative x)
      else Continue (sum + x))
    ~finish:(fun sum -> All_nonnegative { sum })
;;

let x = first_neg_or_sum [1; 2; 3; 4; 5]
val x : maybe_negative = All_nonnegative {sum = 15}

let y = first_neg_or_sum [1; 2; -3; 4; 5]
val y : maybe_negative = Found_negative -3
val exists : _ t -> f:( elt -> bool ) -> bool

Returns true if and only if there exists an element for which the provided function evaluates to true. This is a short-circuiting operation.

val for_all : _ t -> f:( elt -> bool ) -> bool

Returns true if and only if the provided function evaluates to true for all elements. This is a short-circuiting operation.

val count : _ t -> f:( elt -> bool ) -> int

Returns the number of elements for which the provided function evaluates to true.

val sum : (module Summable with type t = 'sum) -> _ t -> f:( elt -> 'sum ) -> 'sum

Returns the sum of f i for all i in the container. The order in which the elements will be summed is unspecified.

val find : _ t -> f:( elt -> bool ) -> elt option

Returns as an option the first element for which f evaluates to true.

val find_map : _ t -> f:( elt -> 'a option ) -> 'a option

Returns the first evaluation of f that returns Some, and returns None if there is no such element.

val to_list : _ t -> elt list
val to_array : _ t -> elt array
val min_elt : _ t -> compare:( elt -> elt -> int ) -> elt option

Returns a min (resp max) element from the collection using the provided compare function, or None if the collection is empty. In case of a tie, the first element encountered while traversing the collection is returned.

val max_elt : _ t -> compare:( elt -> elt -> int ) -> elt option