package bls12-381-unix

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UNIX version of BLS12-381 primitives implementing the virtual package bls12-381 with blst backend







Published: 15 Feb 2022


OCaml implementation of BLS12-381



The scalar field is Fr = GF(0x73eda753299d7d483339d80809a1d80553bda402fffe5bfeffffffff00000001), encoded on 32 bytes in little endian.


For G1, the base field is Fq: GF(0x1a0111ea397fe69a4b1ba7b6434bacd764774b84f38512bf6730d2a0f6b0f6241eabfffeb153ffffb9feffffffffaaab) and E(Fq) := y^2 = x^3 + 4. An element of the base field can be encoded on 48 bytes (using only 381 bits, leaving 3 bits unused).

For G2, the base field is Fq2 := Fq[Z]/(X^2 + 1) and E(Fq2) := y^2 = x^3 + 4 (Z + 1). An element of the base field can be encoded on 2 * 48 bytes representing each coefficient of the polynomial. 3 bits of each coefficient encoding are unused.

The « uncompressed » form (x, y) of G1 and G2 is the concatenation of the elements x and y encoded in big endian.

The « compressed » form uses the first 3 most significant (and unused) bits of the coordinate x.

  • the first most significant bit is always set to 1 to carry the information it is the compressed encoding of a point.

  • the second most significant bit is set to 1 if the element is the identity of the curve.

  • the third most significant bit is the sign of y. It is set to 1 if y is lexicographically larger than -y.


# if you implement a library and you don't need an actual implementation
opam install bls12-381
# to target UNIX
opam install bls12-381-unix

By default, if the architecture supports ADX, bls12-381-unix with be compiled using ADX opcodes (giving optimisations up to 20% for some arithmetic operations). If you don't want to build using ADX, you can add the environment variable BLST_PORTABLE and set it to any value. For instance,

BLST_PORTABLE=y opam install bls12-381-unix

will instruct to build bls12-381-unix without ADX. This might be useful if you build docker images on ADX machines but you need the image to be portable on architecture not supporting ADX.

If the architecture does not support ADX, bls12-381-unix will be compiled without ADX opcodes.

Run tests

dune runtest

To get the coverage:

dune runtest --instrument-with bisect_ppx --force
bisect-ppx-report html

How to use in my project

If you are developing a library using bls12-381, you only need to add bls12-381 in the dependency list. However, if you are writing a binary, three packages are relevant:

  • bls12-381-unix: to be used for UNIX

Run the benchmarks

Install core_bench:

opam install core_bench

See files listed in the directory benchmark and execute it with dune exec. For instance:

dune exec ./benchmark/bench_fr.exe


opam install odoc
dune build @doc

Dependencies (7)

  1. integers
  2. hex
  3. bls12-381 = version
  4. zarith >= "1.10" & < "2.0"
  5. dune-configurator build
  6. dune >= "2.8.4"
  7. ocaml >= "4.08"

Dev Dependencies (3)

  1. ff-pbt >= "0.6.0" & < "0.7.0" & with-test
  2. bisect_ppx with-test & >= "2.5"
  3. alcotest with-test

Used by (4)

  1. tezos-base >= "10.2" & < "13.0"
  2. tezos-client-base-unix = "10.2"
  3. tezos-crypto = "10.2"
  4. tezos-protocol-environment >= "12.0" & < "13.0"